The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is one of the key agreements adopted at the Earth Summit, 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is the first comprehensive global agreement for sustainable development which addresses all aspects relating to biodiversity. It is a multilateral treaty formed with the goal of developing national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.
The Convention, while reaffirming sovereign rights of nations over their biological resources, establishes three main goals
- The conservation of biological diversity
- The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity
- The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources
The Convention on Biological Diversity which has near universal membership of 194 countries (Parties) is a testimony to the world community's growing commitment to sustainable development and a dramatic step forward in the conservation of biological diversity.
2011-2020 is declared as the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity by the United Nations General Assembly to promote the objectives of the CBD. The decade will serve to implement the strategic plan including 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets agreed by the countries at the Aichi Prefecture in Nagoya, Japan at the Tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity is facilitating the implementation.